Commercial pilot checklist
It only takes a minute to sign up. Normally, each checklist is only used once at the appropriate time but a wise pilot would re-run a checklist if interrrupted. For example, you are cleared to start and complete the before start checklist but there is then an unexpected delay before you actually start.
You wait for 30 minutes. No need to redo the before start checklist because you did it earlier? No, do it again. Something might have changed. Simon mentioned a great list of common checklists of course, keep in mind there are lots of other checklists for emergency situations; fuel dump, engine out, engine fire, hydraulics, etc. I don't mean to be pedantic here, but checklists are always referred to in other words, they are not memorized.
Even the most experienced pilots go through the checklist manually - of course - it takes them quicker to go through each checklist due to their experience but they always refer to it. I have the most experience with the and on this aircraft, typically the checklists are laminated and on some aircraft placed above the cockpit instrument cluster; in addition some checklists are actually written on the yoke itself:.
The little yellow bug on the right is to keep track of the items. During one of my orientation sessions, the instructor reminded me to not do the checklist by memory, you must always refer to the written list.
He then mentioned "in the air force they make us memorize the checklists and do them by memory, but not on civilian aircraft". Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered.
How many checklists are there for a commercial pilot for the entire flight? Ask Question. Asked 4 years, 6 months ago. Active 4 years ago. Viewed 1k times. Pondlife 59k 14 14 gold badges silver badges bronze badges. Madhav Sudarshan Madhav Sudarshan 5, 10 10 gold badges 38 38 silver badges 82 82 bronze badges.
Short haul airliner? Or transatlantic ? They'll all have different checklists of varying length and complexity. Active Oldest Votes.Received and logged ground training from an authorized instructor or complete a home study course on the aeronautical knowledge areas of 14 CFR Received and logged ground and flight training from an authorized instructor on the Areas of Operation in 14 CFR At least hours of flight time as a pilot including hours in powered aircraft of which 50 hours must be in airplanes.
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Safety Standards: Preflight Checklist For Commercial Pilots
Eligibility Requirements Be at least 18 years of age Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language Obtain the appropriate logbook endorsements from an authorized instructor Pass the required knowledge test Hold at least a private pilot certificate.
Aeronautical Knowledge Received and logged ground training from an authorized instructor or complete a home study course on the aeronautical knowledge areas of 14 CFR Flight Proficiency Received and logged ground and flight training from an authorized instructor on the Areas of Operation in 14 CFR Aeronautical Experience At least hours of flight time as a pilot including hours in powered aircraft of which 50 hours must be in airplanes. Aeronautical Experience hours of PIC flight time, which includes: at least 50 hours in airplanes and 50 hours in cross-country flight of which at least 10 hours must be in airplanes.
Aeronautical Experience 10 hours of solo flight time or 10 hours of flight time performing the duties of PIC with an authorized instructor on board in a multi-engine airplane on the Areas of Operation listed in 14 CFR Use of Flight Simulators and Flight Training Devices A maximum of hours may be performed in a full flight simulator or flight training device if the training was accomplished in accordance with 14 CFR Part by an authorized instructor A maximum of 50 hours may be performed in a full flight simulator or flight training device if the training was not accomplished in accordance with 14 CFR Part by an authorized instructor Note: The simulator or device must represent the category, class, and type, if applicable, of aircraft appropriate to the rating sought.Commercial pilot requirements — The importance of a complete and thorough preflight preparation routine and checklist should never be underestimated.
A great pilot knows what to check and why, is knowledgeable about what contributors to consider for ensuring true airworthiness, possesses great organizational skills and exhibits a penchant for attention to detail. To ensure a thorough and comprehensive preflight check is performed, the pilot should reach the airport about 90 minutes before takeoff and follow the stages, as outlined below:. AIS briefing: This stage involves the pilot identifying all information related to the plane that might affect the flight.
This includes permanent aeronautical information, printed on aeronautical charts. The meteorological forecast consists of temperature forecasts, wind level and cloud forecasts, icing and turbulence. Route Selection: When choosing the route for a flight, the following considerations must be taken into account:. The charts should be checked for their relevance of information shown therein. The flying route, topographical charts, ranges or bearings from navigational beacons should be marked on these charts.
This plan should be submitted within the time constraints expressed in the national AIP. Additionally, a navigation flight plan must be prepared which shows the route, planned levels, minimum levels for safe flying, tracks, times, distances, times, Expected Time of Arrivals ETA and fuel needs.
The above steps are the broad stages of preflight preparation. Below are additional steps the pilot performs to ensure readiness prior to takeoff:.
Form FAA 7233-4 - Pre-Flight Pilot Checklist and International Flight Plan
Logbook check: By checking the logbook periodically, the pilot can ensure that all the necessary inspections are current. Every two years, the altitude encoder, transponder, static system and altimeter, should be inspected if the plane is being flown via IFR. Cockpit check: Once the paperwork is done, the pilot should ensure that all valves and switches are in their proper place and in working order. He should clean the cockpit of any trash and check the seats and seat belts to ensure proper operation.
Part 61: Commercial Pilot Checklist – AMEL
Check brakes and tires: Brakes and their pads should be inspected for the required pad thickness. The pilot should also check the brake disc for grooves, any rust and overall thickness. Tires should be checked for flat spots and wear and tear. Check the engine and prop: The overall condition of the propeller should be checked, particularly for nicks. Props should be checked for oil leaks and for unnecessary blade movement. The pilot should inspect the engine for overall good condition and adequate oil levels.
The air filters should be devoid of excessive dirt, bugs, oil, soot and grease and the exhaust pipe should be dull gray in color and its compression rings should not be excessively worn. Check the fuel system: The pilot also checks the fuel to ensure the proper level, octane color, gauges readings, and that no contamination exists. Windows and windshields clean-up: Lastly, the pilot should clean the windows and ensure that there are no bugs on the windshield that can interfere with a perfect traffic scan.
Aviation Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for aircraft pilots, mechanics, and enthusiasts. It only takes a minute to sign up. I originally asked the same question on Space Exploration but will repeat it also here:. Before every takeoff and every landing, there are several routine checks which need to be done in order to provide the highest maximum safety to passengers.
But after certain number of repetitions, these tasks can feel as tedious especially if you are flying a plane which goes in "turns". And so on. How do pilots and other personnel make sure that they actually do go through the check every single time without "It was OK last time, so it will be ok this time.
Skip it and say it is ok"? Like Jamiec mentioned the importance of a proper preflight is drilled into you by your primary instructor from day one in light aircraft, and that mentality carries through all the way up to heavy transport-category aircraft: You want to find any problems you can while you're on the ground, because if you take a problem into the air with you it's a decision you can quickly come to regret.
Personally I've found all sorts of "interesting" things on preflight inspections of light aircraft, including but not limited to :. In commercial operations the vigilance to avoid complacency is derived from multiple reinforcing actions. Checklists are often preceded by flows in which you take a logical route through the aircraft panels and perform your checks from memory. These flows are then backed up by the checklist.
Checklists vary in usage. One one end of the spectrum you have silent checks performed by one pilot e. In an airline cockpit you might fly with the same pilot all month or you may change pilots every trip or sometimes multiple times during a trip.
Flying with many different people helps you standardize on these actions as you cannot "get comfortable" with a specific person. Everyone expects everyone else to do the checklists properly and if you don't do it you will get called out. You might then ask why we care so much about policing eachother to maintain checklist usage. The FAA in the USA has made a big deal about checklist usage on every checkride you've taken to get into an airline cockpit at least if you've done your training in the last decade.
It has been drilled into you from the beginning of your training. In an airlne environment you will have recurrent checkrides every months and captains will have line checks every year and proper checklist usage is among the most basic requirement to pass these checks.
Lastly, every year we sit through a day of crew resource management training and part of that day involves looking at past accidents and understanding what the first thing was that set the accident events in motion pilot error!
These often serve as vivid examples of how bad things can get if you start ignoring the checklists among other things. I can't speak for commercial operations, but from a GA point of view, the pre-flight checks and their importance are drilled in to you from your very first lesson. There are a few tricks that are used to stop you falling in to that "Yeah, everything will be fine" mindset and just skipping the checks.
In my case, I learned the discipline to use a checklist for every action on every flight the one time I decided not to use a checklist while taxiing from the fuel pump back to the parking ramp. It was winter, and a snowplow pulled up behind me, so I decided not to use the checklist in the interest of expediency ha! I primed the engine, checked the fuel valve, engaged the electrical system, keyed the starter, and the engine responded by firing up and then immediately dieing.
Repeat about a half-dozen times, at which point, I finally decided to use the checklist because something obviously wasn't right.
Once again, primed the engine, checked the fuel valve, move the mixture to the rich posiBefore taking to the sky, a pilot must first go through a preflight checklist to ensure that the plane is ready to travel. Operating an aircraft safely requires extensive training, vigilance, and adherence to safety standards. Read on to learn more about what is expected of a pilot before take off. When working as a commercial pilot, the position requires a lot of responsibility and accountability for the safety of the crew, passengers, and any cargo.
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To make sure that a plane is safe for take-off, a pilot may want to go through a personal assessment of their flight readiness, and a preflight checklist. Going through established checklists is an established method of maintaining organization, safety standards, and assessing for any problems that may arise that can interfere with flying safely.
After spending a dedicated amount of time at an institution to earn a degree in Aeronautical Science and Technology, a pilot undergoes rigorous hours of flight training. Commercial pilots use a preflight checklist to make sure the hydraulics, engine, and other critical parts of an airplane are in working order.
A commercial pilot must be fit in mind and body to fly an aircraftmaintain safe operation of the plane at all times, and be aware of any oncoming obstacles or intense turbulence. Human error is inevitably going to show up from time to time. Whether in a rush or absentmindedly overlooking whether a specific function or part of an aircraft is working correctly before take-off can lead to needless accidents. The Boeing Corporation has been credited with the established use of a preflight checklist to help pilots reduce the chance of accidents and fatal crashes during flight.
It is easy to be overconfident, or miss out on checking everything thoroughly before taking to the air if a pilot fails to utilize a checklist. According to Angle of Attack, when the Boeing Corporation had vested interests with government contracts for its B aircraft as used in WWII, they had some unfortunate accidents which could have tanked their contracts. During the test flight of a B aircraft, the Captain had failed to ensure that the elevator lock was off before taking off.
This oversight resulted in the injuries of three men, and some fatalities. To curry favor with the government as the company to negotiate a contract with for military aircraft versus competitors, Boeing developed a preflight checklist to reduce accidents, injuries, and malfunctions due to oversight. Thanks to the implementation of checklists for pilots before taking to the skies, Boeing's B aircraft did not incur any more accidents, and 13, aircraft were manufactured for government use during the war efforts against Axis powers.
Many pilots can learn to commit to the general overview of checklist steps preflight to memory, using devices like acronyms. However, commercial pilots should not skip out on using a checklist to verify that all appropriate actions have been taken for aviation safety. The first step in checking out an aircraft for its flight worthiness takes place outside of the airplane. The Captain or Co-pilot is responsible for surveying the aircraft's exterior.
The Captain or Co-pilot should be in communication with the maintenance crew, in case there are any immediate concerns about the plane's condition. Any exposed motors, cables, sensors, and other structural components should be thoroughly investigated for its function and condition. Inside the aircraft, the crew is responsible for running tests for fire detection, weather radars, warning lights, and other necessary systems.
Maintaining up-to-date records and inventory on aircraft, and routinely doing maintenance checks at various hours of flight time use are conducted to increase aviation safety.
Checklists are a valuable tool for pilots to check for normal operations, unusual incidents, malfunctions of equipment, and in case of an emergency. Most pilots may access their checklist in the form of a printed card, or laminated sheet to keep it protected and legible. According to sources such as Ask the Pilot, a pilot can look forward to going through more than thirty different steps, depending on the age and type of aircraft.
Newer aircraft may automatically go through specific tests of necessary equipment.
While going through a checklist, one pilot can go through each step asking the other pilot to verify with a response as to whether the step has been completed successfully or not.Checkrides can be intimidating, especially your first one. But knowing the common problem areas helps you prepare and pass. You're nervous. You're fumbling with your sectional chart or iPad in the cockpit. And you picked what could be the tiniest visual checkpoint in the state.
Try to avoid hard-to-see checkpoints like power lines, antennas, and ponds. Stick to the big stuff: larger cities, rivers and major highways. You'll save yourself from heart palpitations on your flight. The two major problems with stalls: not letting the stall fully develop, and uncoordinated recovery.
Make sure you allow the airplane to fully stall, and aways 'step on the ball' to stay coordinated throughout the maneuver. Good judgement is a key to being a good pilot, and that couldn't be more true on landings. Make sure you're on speed throughout the pattern, and if things aren't looking and feeling right, go around. You'll be hard-pressed to find an examiner who fails a pilot for executing a go-around when the landing just isn't working out.
Three words: fly the airplane. Too often pilots get distracted with checklists and what's happening inside the airplane. Find a safe spot to land. Run your checklist. But always keep flying the airplane. Airspace is complex. There are different VFR weather minimums, equipment requirements, communication requirements, and all kinds of different markings on your map.
And you need to know all of them. Rote memorization won't do - make sure you dig into all the 'what if' scenarios, so you're prepared for checkride day. Fortunately, we have just the thing to help you prepare! Let's face it. Nobody really enjoys reading coded weather reports and forecasts. And, your examiner is going to have you read the coded version of the weather reports, so english-translated versions just won't do.
So how should you prepare?Schedule A Checkride! The Commercial pilot certificate allows the pilot to be compensated for their flying. There are many ways to earn income for flying conducted, but regardless the FAA requires this certificate to do so.
Much of the flying and maneuvers to be learned and demonstrated for the commercial checkride are not that different than the Private pilot. The biggest differences are the flight standards are more stringent, and the knowledge level needs to be higher than that of the private pilot.
Here are some of the basic requirements necessary to earn your commercial certificate:. Please see link to the ACS below to obtain the latest in requirements. The Commercial Pilot checkride involves an oral exam followed by the flight portion.
The oral portion will take about two hours, the flight about an hour and a half or so. The total time to schedule for this checkride is approximately 4 hours. Your flight instructor CFI will train and cover everything needed to pass the checkride. Ask the Examiner a Question.